Chat programs or messengers give you the ability to send messages in the form of text, and also enable communication by sending audio, video and other media: emoticons, graphics, and any type of files. The information is sent from the sender to the recipient in real time so that immediate interaction is possible. Text messages sent while chatting can be of a different length but are usually short. The communication process is like a daily conversation when we chat and exchange opinions and stories. Audio and video calls are even more like the actual real-life equivalent. It is also possible to have them with many people at once, what is called a conference call.
The chat can be private: here only the sender and the recipient and those invited take part. There are also public chats where the conversation is available to everyone on the so-called general channel.
Today, we have a huge number of chat programs to choose from. It is worth mentioning such programs as Viber, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, which is an application connected with Facebook, Google Hangouts or Skype. Other less-known chat programs (also known as messengers) include Instantbird, Jabbin, Jitsi, Kadu, and Miranda. It is also worth mentioning communicators designed especially for gamers, such as TeamSpeak, Discord, Mumble, or Blizzard Voice Chat. In the end, we need to mention programs designed specifically for group chats, such as Slack and Microsoft Teams.
Many messengers ensure the anonymity of their users. Chat programs work efficiently (although sometimes there may be problems with voice and image transmission). These programs are generally easy to use and usually free. Most often, users choose those chat programs that work on their phones, and those that their friends use.