Video games form a type of computer software that is designed for entertainment or educational purposes. In the latter case, the player needs to solve tasks that require either manual skills, logical thinking or as it is often the case, a combination thereof Video games can be played on arcade machines, consoles, personal computers, mobile phones, tablets, and even watches.
Video games have their roots in role-playing games and board games, their creators also draw inspirations from sports competitions. Video games began to be produced in larger amounts in the 1970s due to the growing popularity of arcade game machines and homes consoles. According to some research video games, might have a significant impact on our behavior both positive and negative.
The beginning of computer games can be dated back to 1947 when Cathode ray tube Amusement Device was created which was basically a missile simulator based on radar technology. The 1950s and 1960s brought in a couple of academic projects that could be also considered video games. These were, for example, Spacewar and Tennis for Two.
In 1961 an arcade video game Pong was created by Atari and this contributed to the fact helped to establish video game industry. The success of video games was growing bigger due to the appearance of such titles as Pac-Man or Space Invaders which were created n 1970s.
Depending on what genre a given game belongs to, there are various tasks to be performed by the player. It also happens that certain games combine features of several different genres. The simplest division, although not completely full, distinguishes eight basic types of games. These are:
- puzzle games,
- role-playing games,
- sports games,
- adventure games,
- racing games,
- simulation games,
- strategy games,
- and action games.
Among them, many sub-genres can be distinguished.
In role-playing games, the players control a virtual character (or a party of characters) who develop their skills and become stronger throughout the entire game. The heroes can improve his abilities and learn new ones, and we have full control over what tasks he performs and how he behaves towards other in-game characters.
Simulation games are technical and detailed simulations of various aspects of life. Thus the players can enjoy simulators of spacecraft, submarine simulators, flight simulators but also a simulator of animal life or of a car mechanic
Sports games simulate the gameplay in sports competitions. It can be boxing, basketball, football or ice hockey. Player’s Attention needs to be focused here on controlling the athletes or managing a team from a manager.