Survival horror games are a genre of computer games that have become popular recently, and now almost every horror game has survival elements. The games of this type are designed to scare the player, and also to force him to collect resources needed for survival. Usually, the player begins the adventure just bare hands and no weapons. During the game, he will have a chance to collect better equipment, acquire medicaments and other useful items. A flagship game of this genre is the famous Japanese brand Resident Evil.
The popularity of the modern survival horror games dates back to the first Resident Evil game which was released in 1996. The series, despite its ups and downs, is considered to be a prime example how to produce such games.
At the base of the survival horror games mechanics is a system of exploration and exploitation of the elements of the environment. The player is cast into an unfriendly, often nightmarish world. By collecting items and combining them in the right way, the players create increasingly advanced weapons and gear. For example, by picking up various herbs, he can eventually combine them to form strong medications. The second important aspect of this type of games is the fear of the player, which often involves the atmosphere of being hunted.
Another important element that underlies this genre are the worlds. The survival horror games take place in different environments, either in the vast open worlds or in closed claustrophobic locations. Most often, however, the area in which the player moves is limited, either by fog, as in the Silent Hill series, or by closed doors, as in Rule of Rose. Many games of this genre have become absolute classics, and the action on the computer monitors is often transferred to the cinema screens.